Research Articles

13:45 | April 11, 2018

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THE CONCEPT OF “WAR CRIME” IN INTERNATIONAL LAW

Mikhail

Cand. Sc. (Law), Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Department of Civil Law of the Military University of the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation

The article deals with the history of the “war crime” concept formation in international law. The provisions of the Rome Statute are analyzed, the general characteristics of the composition of war crimes are highlighted in accordance with the Rome Statute. According to the author, the concept of “war crime” acquires particular relevance in the context of international law since it is used by various international institutions, but there is no common understanding of its significance. In scientific literature there are also disagreements about the “war crime” concept meaning. The author believes that the difference between a war crime and any other criminal act is primarily that unlawful acts are committed in the context of an armed conflict and are closely related to it, and the perpetrator of the crime realizes that an armed conflict does take place. The conclusion is done that a “war crime” should be understood as deliberate acts committed systematically and massively in the context and in connection with international and non-international armed conflicts within the framework of a plan or policy of violating the rules and customs of warfare.

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